Why does the body and skin have to show signs of age? As our skin ages, we begin to develop wrinkles, lines, and furrows that alter the appearance. This process is accelerated by exposure to sunlight due to injury to the epidermis (the outer layers of skin) caused by short wavelength ultraviolet radiation. The dermis (middle layers of skin) is damaged by longer wavelength ultraviolet radiation, and finally further harm occurs to the deeper dermis and subcutaneous tissue by infrared A radiation. This is especially a problem for individuals who live sunny climates or work and play extensively in the outdoors.
Skin phototype plays a major role, of course, and is dependent on how much melanin pigment is present in the skin. For example, pale or white skin burns much more easily and tends to tan slowly and inadequately. Whereas, darker skin tends to burn less but tan without difficulty. There are genetic influences and environmental factors as well, with smoking hastening the development of facial lines and poor complexion, not to mention the possibility of skin cancer. Sun and aging takes its toll on our skin.
Glogau’s classification is the standard in how skin changes are classified. Mild suggests few wrinkles that need modest to no make-up. Moderate implies the beginning of early wrinkling with a pale complexion requiring some makeup. Advanced is the onset of unrelenting wrinkling accompanied by skin discoloration and broken blood vessels, and sometimes-precancerous solar keratoses, and often wears makeup. Severe means what it says – severe wrinkling and deep furrows, solar keratoses, and often wears makeup but is unable to conceal aging skin.
Another method used to determine the degree of wrinkling and facial lines known as the Fitzpatrick alternative classification. Our trained clinicians at Facial Aesthetics will be happy to answer any question you may have with these categories.
- Class I - Fine wrinkles
- Class II - Fine-to-moderately deep wrinkles and moderate number of lines
- Class III - Fine-to-deep wrinkles, numerous wrinkle lines, and redundant folds present
Nevertheless, the fact remains that what influences wrinkles and facial lines is:
- The process of aging
- Injury from the sun
- Muscle activity
- The effects of gravity
- Some surgeries
- Acne or other skin diseases
- Smoking or other environmental factors
Fine lines and Wrinkles
Fine lines and wrinkles occur because the dermis thickens unevenly and the epidermis can no longer hold the amount of water it did in the past. Sun damage and environmental factors are usually the cause for this.
Furrows and Deeper Lines
Furrows or deeper lines are either static or dynamic. Dynamic lines appear with any type of muscle activity. Static lines do not change with muscle movement but in time, dynamic lines will become static. Some examples are crow’s feet that occur around the eyes from smiling and movement of the eyelid muscles, worry lines on the forehead from raising the eyebrows, and frown lines between the eyebrows from concentration or anger.
The skin also loses its elasticity over time and is usually the result of losing fat cells under the skin, the loss of natural collagen and elastin fibers in the skin, and of course, gravity which pulls even further on lax tissue.
Are There Treatments Available?
There are many facial products and skin treatments available to counteract the effects of the sun and aging such as sunscreens, moisturizers, and other so-called anti-aging formulas that are mostly unproven.
Facial Aesthetics has a number of readily available proven therapies to help address fine lines and wrinkles to help reduce and reverse the signs of aging. We have the best in resurfacing procedures such as Dermaplane and Microdermabrasion in which we peel away the top layers of the skin to even out pigmentation and enhance skin texture.
We offer a variety of superficial and medium-depth Chemical Peels to remove several layers of skin cells damaged by the sun; stimulate the growth of new collagen, and forming an improved skin texture.
Our Denver and Greenwood Village med spas carry the latest in laser treatments. Rejuvenate your skin with our state of the art DOT Therapy CO2 laser treatment, which is ideal for the treatment of fine lines and wrinkles, and sun damage.
Contact us today to find out about out other outstanding treatments including: